Squares in geometric designs

 

– interpreted in Islamic Art

 
In Islamic Art, generated from simple forms as the circle and the square, geometric patterns were combined, duplicated, interlaced, and arranged in intricate combinations, thus becoming one of the most distinguishing features of Islamic art.
 

Alhambra: Summer Palace, Granada

Alhambra: Summer Palace, Granada

Alhambra: Summer Palace, Granada

Alhambra, Granada

Alhambra

Alhambra, inner courtyards

Alhambra Ambassador Room; geometrical design with squares

Alhambra Ambassador Room; geometrical design with squares

Seville: Alacazar

Seville Alcazar: Pillar with geometric design

Seville Alcazar: Pillar with geometric design

Seville Museum of Islamic Art

Seville Museum of Islamic Art

Cordoba, Museum in Mezquita

Calligraphy seen in Cordoba

Calligraphy seen in Cordoba

Dubai: Ibn Battuta Mall- Persian court

Dubai: Ibn Battuta mall: square geometric design

Dubai: Ibn Battuta mall: square geometric design

Dubai: Ibn Battuta mall: square geometric design

Dubai: Ibn Battuta mall: square geometric design

Marrakech, Morocco

Door, Medina of Marrakech

Medina of Marrakech: door with geometrical design

Morocco, Ouarzazate

Morrocco: In a hotel lobby: geometrical design

Morrocco: In a hotel lobby: geometrical design

Koutoubia Mosque, Marrakech, Morocco

Inside a Koutoubia mosque mosque: geometrical design

Inside a Koutoubia mosque mosque: geometrical design

Examples of Squares without any specific design

Ibn Battuta Gate Hotel, Lobby

Ibn Battuta Gate Hotel, Dubai, Lobby – example for a square

Le Meridian mina Seyahi, Dubai,Floor of a lift

Le Meridian mina Seyahi, Dubai, Floor of a lift

 

Reference and further reading


The metropolitan museum of Art

 
The complex patterns, as shown above, seem to embody a refusal to adhere strictly to the rules of geometry. As a matter of fact, geometric ornamentation in Islamic art suggests a remarkable amount of freedom; in its repetition and complexity, it offers the possibility of infinite growth and can accommodate the incorporation of other types of ornamentation as well.
 
The four basic shapes, or “repeat units,” from which the more complicated patterns are constructed are circles and interlaced circles; squares or four-sided polygons; the ubiquitous star pattern, ultimately derived from squares and triangles inscribed in a circle; and multisided polygons.
 

Islamic Art and Geometric Designan exercise, try it!

 
 

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