Squares in geometric designs
– interpreted in Islamic Art
In Islamic Art, generated from simple forms as the circle and the square, geometric patterns were combined, duplicated, interlaced, and arranged in intricate combinations, thus becoming one of the most distinguishing features of Islamic art.
Alhambra: Summer Palace, Granada
Cordoba, Museum in Mezquita
Dubai: Ibn Battuta Mall- Persian court
Koutoubia Mosque, Marrakech, Morocco
Examples of Squares without any specific design
Reference and further reading
The complex patterns, as shown above, seem to embody a refusal to adhere strictly to the rules of geometry. As a matter of fact, geometric ornamentation in Islamic art suggests a remarkable amount of freedom; in its repetition and complexity, it offers the possibility of infinite growth and can accommodate the incorporation of other types of ornamentation as well.
The four basic shapes, or “repeat units,” from which the more complicated patterns are constructed are circles and interlaced circles; squares or four-sided polygons; the ubiquitous star pattern, ultimately derived from squares and triangles inscribed in a circle; and multisided polygons.
Islamic Art and Geometric Design– an exercise, try it!